How to Install Maven [Step-by-Step Configuration Guide]

install maven

In this blog, you will learn to install maven on different platforms and learn about maven configurations using step-by-step guides.

Apache maven is one of the best open-source java build tools. It is primarily used by developers working on java projects and devops engineers working on CI/CD pipelines. A developer primarily deals with the development aspects using maven while devops engineers deal with setting up a Continuous Integration pipeline using maven.

Let’s get started with the maven setup.

Install Latest JDK

The basic prerequisite for Maven is Java JDK because Maven is a build tool and it requires all the build and compiles related java tools.

Let’s install the latest JDK.

For Ubuntu,

sudo apt install default-jdk -y

For Amazon Linux,

sudo yum install java-17-amazon-corretto-devel -y

For Redhat Linux,

sudo yum install java-17-openjdk -y

Verify Java JDK installation using the following command.

java -version

Install Maven (Latest From Maven Repo)

Follow the steps given below to install the latest maven package from the official maven repo.

Step 1: Go to Maven Downlaods and down the latest package.

wget https://dlcdn.apache.org/maven/maven-3/3.8.6/binaries/apache-maven-3.8.6-bin.tar.gz

Step 2: Untar the mvn package to the /opt folder.

sudo tar xvf apache-maven-3.8.6-bin.tar.gz -C /opt

Step 3: Create a symbolic link to the maven folder. This way, when you have a new version of maven, you just have to update the symbolic link and the path variables remain the same.

sudo ln -s /opt/apache-maven-3.8.6 /opt/maven

Note: Always install specific version of maven that is used across CI environment. So that there wont be any build issues due to version mismatch when you take the code from development to deployment environments

Add Maven folder to System PATH

To access the mvn command systemwide, you need to either set the M2_HOME environment variable or add /opt/maven to the system PATH.

We will do both by adding them to the profile.d folder. So that every time the shell starts, it gets sourced and the mvn command will be available system-wide.

Step 1: Create a script file named maven.sh in the profile.d folder.

sudo vi /etc/profile.d/maven.sh

Step 2: Add the following to the script and save the file.

export M2_HOME=/opt/maven
export PATH=${M2_HOME}/bin:${PATH}

Step 3: Add execute permission to the maven.sh script.

sudo chmod +x /etc/profile.d/maven.sh

Step 4: Source the script for changes to take immediate effect.

source /etc/profile.d/maven.sh

Step 5: Verify maven installation

mvn -version

Note: In Ubuntu based systems, you can also add M2_HOME and PATH variables to users .bashrc file as well.

Maven Important Configurations

Following are the important maven configurations you should know.

ConfigurationLocationDetails
M2_HOME environment variableThe location is the corresponding maven installation directory in the system.
.m2 local repository$HOME/.m2When you run maven commands, all the remote repositories get cached locally in the .m2 folder.
settings.xml (Global)$M2_HOME/conf/settings.xmlThis file contains all the maven configurations that are common for all the projects.
settings.xml (User Specific)$HOME/.m2/settings.xml
Important Maven Configuration Table

Validate Maven Using Java Build

To validate the maven installation, you can start by building a Java application.

If you have a java application with pom.xml file, just run the following command.

mvn clean install

If you don’t have a java application, you can follow the building Java application using maven detailed guide.

Conclusion

When it comes to CI/CD, maven is part of java build agents. When installing maven on build agents ensure a specific version of maven that supports the installed JDK version.

Also, Maven is a must-know tool for DevOps engineers in terms of Continuous integration. Check out the guide to become a devops engineer to know more.

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