In this blog, we will look at what is Kube State Metrics and its setup on Kubernetes. This blog is part of the Prometheus kubernetes setup tutorial series.
What is Kube State Metrics?
Kube State metrics is a service that talks to the Kubernetes API server to get all the details about all the API objects like deployments, pods, daemonsets, Statefulsets, etc.
Primarily it produces metrics in Prometheus format with the stability as the Kubernetes API. Overall it provides kubernetes objects & resources metrics that you cannot get directly from native Kubernetes monitoring components.
Kube state metrics service exposes all the metrics on
/metrics URI. Prometheus can scrape all the metrics exposed by Kube state metrics.
Following are some of the important metrics you can get from Kube state metrics.
- Node status, node capacity (CPU and memory)
- Replica-set compliance (desired/available/unavailable/updated status of replicas per deployment)
- Pod status (waiting, running, ready, etc)
- Ingress metrics
- PV, PVC metrics
- Daemonset & Statefulset metrics.
- Resource requests and limits.
- Job & Cronjob metrics
You can check out the detailed supported metrics from the documentation here.
Kube State Metrics Setup
Kube state metrics is available as a public docker image. You will have to deploy the following Kubernetes objects for Kube state metrics to work.
- A Service Account
- Cluster Role – For kube state metrics to access all the Kubernetes API objects.
- Cluster Role Binding – Binds the service account with the cluster role.
- Kube State Metrics Deployment
- Service – To expose the metrics
All the above Kube state metrics objects will be deployed in the
Let’s deploy the components. All the deployment objects are available in Github. You can also find the same deployment object in the official repo as well.
Step 1: Clone the Github repo
git clone https://github.com/devopscube/kube-state-metrics-configs.git
Step 2: Create all the objects by pointing to the cloned directory.
kubectl apply -f kube-state-metrics-configs/
Step 3: Check the deployment status using the following command.
kubectl get deployments kube-state-metrics -n kube-system
kube State Metrics Prometheus Config
All the Kube static metrics can be obtained from the Kube state service endpoint on
This configuration can be added as part of the Prometheus job configuration. You need to add the following job configuration to your Prometheus config for Prometheus to scrape all the Kube state metrics.
Note: If you have followed my prometheus guide, you dont have to add this scrape config. It is already part of the prometheus config. You should see the target status “up” after deploying kube state metrics.
If you have follo
- job_name: 'kube-state-metrics' static_configs: - targets: ['kube-state-metrics.kube-system.svc.cluster.local:8080']